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LOST Theories So you think you know some secrets of the island? Maybe you can explain everything. If it's original and you can back it up, we'd love to hear it.

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Old 03-25-06, 07:23 PM   #1
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+ Tesla, Electromagnetism, and Swan Station v1.0

Introduction
The Swan Station was set up to research the peculiar electromagnetic force in its section of the island. This is significant for a number of reasons, many of which have been discussed ad nauseum. One of the most important aspects of this electromagnetic field would be, of course, its ability to render compasses useless for navigation. My interest in the electromagnetic properties of the Swan Station have more to do with the scientist and inventor Nikola Tesla, and his many applications of electromagnetism for both destructive and constructive purposes.

Nikola Tesla
Nikola Tesla, inventor/engineer/scientist/genius, experimented quite heavily with electromagnetism. He is probably best known for the Tesla Coil, a giant electromagnetic discharge device. Tesla was a genius when it came to the implementation, development, and research of electricity and its properties, and contributed mountains of research and data to the scientific community. More information on Tesla and his life can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolai_Tesla

Tesla's Work
Many of Tesla's inventions and theorizations were altruistic. He was keenly interested in the creation and distribution of electrical energy for the general populace, and hypothesized a number of differen't ways wherein electricity could be manipulated or harnessed in new and revolutionary ways. In 1891 he became a naturalized citizen in New York, and in his apartment he wirelessly lit vacuum tubes, providing the first concrete evidence of wireless power transmission. Between 1893 and 1895 he also began working on what would become a predecessor to the first radio transmitter.

Later in his life he moved to Colorado Springs to continue his research into high-voltage and high-frequency experiments. While there he furthered his research into electromagnetic theory, in addition to conducting experiments concerning the Earth's ionosphere and the ground's telluric currents. Telluric Currents are important as they are a method by which scientists can analyze any geographical region's subterranean makeup. So, for instance, fluctuations in the telluric currents may suggest ore veins, oil reservoirs, magma chambers, etc...

It should be noted that Tesla's experiments also touched on the Heterodyne Effect, which I will discuss later.

Wardenclyffe Tower
In 1901, Tesla set about building the Wardenclyffe Tower. Ostensibly it was to investigate the wireless transmission of information and power, making it one of the first radio towers ever built. Tesla, however, felt he could also use the tower to send electricity wirelessly, whether by air or through the Earth itself. The following is taken from the Wikipedia article on the Wardenclyffe Tower, found at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wardenc...s_of_operation

The facility was meant to be the start of a national (and later global) system of towers broadcasting power to users as electromagnetic waves. There is some evidence that Wardenclyffe might have used extremely low frequency signals combined with higher frequency signals. In practice, the transmitter electrically influences both the earth and the space above it. He made a point of describing the process as being essentially the same as passing electricity through a wire by conduction. Tesla believed that energy could be efficiently transmitted from the facility via longitudinal "non-Hertzian" (or maxwellian) waves (ed. see waves in plasmas for examples). Powered by an industrial alternator, the tower was apparently intended to inject large amounts of energy into a natural Earth circuit, using the Earth-Ionosphere network as the transmission circuit. Tesla called his wireless technique the "disturbed charge of ground and air method".

Tesla also stated that the Earth could work as a gigantic LC-circuit, thereby acting as a large resonator (a key component in tuners and mixers).

How is this relevant to Lost? One of the biggest questions right now is what lies beyond the sealed wall in Swan Station, and what causes the huge electromagnetic field in that one area of the facility (think Jack's key). I theorize that the Swan Station, and by extension the remaining stations on the island, are not powered by any conventional means, or even more unconventional methods such as nuclear energy. I theorize that Swan Station is powered based on Tesla's wireless electricity theories, and draws its electricity from the Earth's electromagnetic field. Not only would the location of the facility make it an excellent choice for the implementation of such a power grid, but it would also explain how the power system could power the entire facility despite being hidden behind feet-thick cement.

Tesla's Death Ray Pt. 1
Prior to his death, Tesla was busy working on a 'death ray'. The following is taken from the Wikipedia article on Tesla's 'Teleforce' (death ray) weapon, which can be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teleforce

In Tesla's words, written in a letter to J. P. Morgan, Jr., the Teleforce invention was primarily intended to be used as an instrument of national defense akin to an invisible "Chinese Wall of Defense". Tesla stated that nations, when detecting invading armies, could destroy their opponent's military units and reduce incoming aerial craft as far as 200 to 250 miles away. It is not known whether Tesla ever built a model of the Teleforce system, though in 1937, Tesla remarked, "But it is not an experiment ... I have built, demonstrated, and used it. Only a little time will pass before I can give it to the world."

How is this relevant to Lost? Again, this system would be fully compatible with Tesla's aforementioned theories on the wireless transmission of power. The Dharma Initiative itself seemed entirely benevolent in nature, and I almost ignored Tesla's Teleforce Weapon as inconsequential to my theories regarding electromagnetism and Swan Station. Upon watching the Dharma Initiative orientation video a few times, however, I realized that one of the few descriptions of Hanso we are given is that he is an "industrialist and munitions magnate". While the link may be weak, a 'death ray' would definitely appeal to a man who made his fortune through the development and implementation of weapon systems.

Tesla's Death Ray Pt. 2
The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) was initiated by the United States government in 1993 to "understand, simulate and control ionospheric processes that might alter the performance of communication and surveillance systems". Many theorists, including a number of accredited physicists, began speaking out against the the program in the mid-1990s, stating that the HAARP array could be used as a weapon. Many also feel that the HAARP array is a direct descendant of Tesla's earlier 'Death Ray' research and wireless power transmission research. The following is taken on from the Wikipedia article regarding the HAARP and its controversies:

After the physicists raised early concerns, the controversy was stoked by local activism. In September 1995, a book entitled angels Don't Play This HAARP: Advances in Tesla Technology by Nick Begich, Jr., son of the late Congressman Nick Begich, claimed that the project in its present stage could be used for "geophysical warfare". The HAARP has subsequently become a target for those who have suggested that it could be used to test the ability "to deliver very large amount of energy, comparable to a nuclear bomb, anywhere on earth", "changing weather patterns", "blocking all global communications", "disrupting human mental processes" and mind control, and "x-raying the earth".

Physicists also claim that the HAARP could be used to disrupt localized swaths of telecommunication and destroy/neutralize enemy spacecraft (including sattellites).

How is this relevant to Lost? An array on the island, similar to the HAARP, could account for why navigational systems may fail when in the island's facility. Similarly, such an array could be used by the Dharma Initiative to isolate individual aircraft/seacraft, manipulate the communications and navigations equipment, and then lure them towards the island.Such an array would, again, be of particular interest to an "munitions magnate".

Electromagnetism, the Heterodyne Effect, and the Human Brain
The Heterodyne Effect occurs when two or more signals of different frequencies 'mix', producing two different frequencies: One is the sum of the two frequencies added together, the other is the difference between the two. An example of this would be strumming the harmonics of two guitar strings out of tune- you would hear the two frequencies combined in addition to a low, undulating wave-sound.

This effect is generally seen when combining frequencies in a transistor. As has been hypothesized by Tesla, the Earth has the potential to act as one huge tuner and transistor.

The Heterodyne Effect can also occur in the human brain. When the brain receives audio signals at slightly different frequencies (no less than 30Hz difference with both frequencies being below 1000-1500Hz), the brain will heterodyne the sound and create 'binaural beats'. These binaural beats and the brain's heterodyning ability can be harnessed to alter a person's mental state. The use of audio signals to alter a person's mental state is called 'Brainwave Synchronization'.

How is this relevant to Lost? The binaural beats created by the difference in frequencies could produce different mental states on the island's inhabitants. If Tesla's wireless transmission theories were in place, with the Earth acting as a giant tuner, these effects could occur either intentionally (as a branch of parapsychological research) or unintentionally.

The following is a list of brain waves/'frequencies', and their effects on the human brain. Keep in mind that only the brainwave frequency 'Beta 2' wouldhave the potential to be in hearing range for the human ear. All of the other frequencies would still be able to affect a person's mental state even if the brain/ear does not register any sound.

  • Beta: 12Hz - 38Hz. This is subcategorized into SMR, beta 1 and beta 2.
    • SMR (12Hz - 15Hz) can result in relaxed focus, improved attention.
    • Beta 1 (15Hz - 20Hz) can increase mental abilities, IQ, focus.
    • Beta 2 (20Hz - 38Hz) can result in anxiousness and hightened sense of alertness.
  • Alpha: 8Hz - 12Hz. This frequency can result in a state where the brain is awake, but not processing much. Often used for meditation. Also associated with a feeling of being "in the zone" and dreaming (REM sleep) and states of creative reverie.
  • Theta: 3Hz - 8Hz. Associated with the hypnogogic state right after one wakes up or begins to fall asleep (drowsiness). Can be used for self-hypnosis.
    • Theta 1 (3Hz - 5Hz) suppression can result in improved concentration and attention while reducing hyperactiveness (after the session).
    • Theta 2 (5Hz - 8Hz) can result in a very relaxed sleep. This frequency range is often related to paranormal/spiritual experience.
    • Schumann resonance (7.83hz) associated with the hypnogogic state, out of body experiences, and various hormonal releases. Also happens to be a set of spectrum peaks in the ELF portion of the Earth's electromagnetic field spectrum.
  • Delta: 0.2 - 3Hz. This frequency range usually results in deep sleep.
The Schumann Resonance is of particular interest for Lost and my theory as a whole. Not only does it occur naturally in the Earth's electromagnetic field, it formed the basis of Tesla's wireless power theory, and its effects on the human brain are astounding.

Theta 2 is also of particular interest because of its effects on the human brain.

If a Teslan wireless power system was installed on the island, actively tapping in to the Earth's electromagnetic field to harness the Schumann Resonance, the resulting effects on the human brain could be a possible answer for some of the paranormal experiences incurred on the island. Similarly, if a frequency was being broadcast resulting in a Theta 2 frequency, a frequency which induces thoughts of paranormal/super-natural activity, it too could account for some of the visions/hallucinations experienced by the islanders.

Furthermore, manipulation of brain frequencies would very much be in line with the parapsychological and psychological research fields proposed by the Dharma Initiative.

The Button
The following is pure speculation based on my previously mentioned theories, which may account for the necessity of 'the button' in the Swan Station.

In the Dharma Initiative orientation video we are given two dates. The first is 1970, when the groundwork for the Initiative was first laid. The second is 1980, the date given at the end of the orientation video as the date which it was filmed/produced. That means the 'incident' which occurred in the station occured sometime between 1970 and 1980. Logic would suggest, however, that the incident occurred, at the earliest, in mid-1970. Perhaps 1975 or later.

Sayid remarked that the only time he can remember where an apparatus was burried behind feet of reinforced concrete was after the Chernobyl incident in Russia. I hypothesize that pressing the button released pent-up electromagnetic energy back into the Earth's surface and/or ionosphere, which would otherwise overload the Swan Station's powergrid and cause mental and physical damage to it's inhabitants. Mental via an overload to brain frequencies, physical through actual explosions or structural failure.

Listen closely to the sounds that ring out in episode 2-14 when Locke is not quick enough with the button. You can distinctly hear a machine powering up. When he finally enters the code, there is a muffeled boom-sound and then the sound of a machine powering down. The sound reminds me of a heavy-duty capacitor releasing it's stored electrical charge, or even an electrical breaker opening at a transformer station.

Conversely, the Dharma Initiative may have tapped into more power than they ever thought possible, were unable to tame it, and now must maintain the machine rather than shutting it down, otherwise the power may overload the system. Think again of the HAARP array and what the physicists proposed it could do in terms of massive power explosions. This may be the case with the Swan Station.

Summary
The Swan Station very much lives up to its name as an electromagnetic research facility. Using hypotheses based upon Tesla's original research, the facility was engineered such that it could tap into the Earth's natural electromagnetic field and harness it to hitherto unknown ends.

Wireless transmission of power and the manipulation of the Earth's electromagnetic field, especially the ionosphere and the Earth's naturally occuring Schumann Resonance, results in the Island acting as one huge tuner. This, in turn, allows for the manipulation of human brain-frequencies, either intentionally (as per psychological and parapsychological research) or unintentionally (a mere side-effect). This manipulation of brain frequencies accounts for some, if not all, of the hallucinations and bizarre sightings on the island (polar bears, black stallions, etc...)

Hanso, as a munitions magnate, funds the Dharma Initiative for some, if not all, of his own benefit. Breakthroughs in the harnessing of the Earth's electromagnetic properties, in addition to the wireless transmission of power as per suggested by Tesla, allows for the creation of both Tesla's 'death ray' and electromagnetic arrays akin to the United States' HAARP facility.

The 'incident' refers to a catastrophic explosion of electromagnetic force on the island, either as a result of human error in maintaining the Swan facility, or as a result of the Initiative tapping into a far greater source of power than they anticipated. The button must now be pushed every 108 minutes to 'vent' pent-up electromagnetic energy, otherwise the machine/power plant will overload and cause another explosion. The blast doors seen in the facility, in addition to the feet-thick concrete enclosing the power plant, and titanium walls, are all in place as last resort measure to protect the island's inhabitants from such an explosion.


Addendum
The 'black cloud' security system could also be explained as localized control of matter via the manipulation of electromagnetic fields. With enough force and electromagnetic control, these 'clouds' could knock down trees or drag a person.

Last edited by Tage; 03-25-06 at 07:27 PM.
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Old 03-25-06, 07:33 PM   #2
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Re: Tesla, Electromagnetism, and Swan Station v1.0

um, too confusing.
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Old 03-25-06, 08:06 PM   #3
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Re: Tesla, Electromagnetism, and Swan Station v1.0

Uh, I don't get it. Maybe you could shorten it and simpify it for me and those of us that don't understand more than half of it and don't feel like reading a lot of words that are confusing?
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Old 03-25-06, 08:13 PM   #4
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Re: Tesla, Electromagnetism, and Swan Station v1.0

Quote:
Originally Posted by Smirnoff_Ice
Uh, I don't get it. Maybe you could shorten it and simpify it for me and those of us that don't understand more than half of it and don't feel like reading a lot of words that are confusing?
Wow, Tage, nice newb post. He's 18 (or claims to be, folks). Even if you pasted a bunch of that from the wikipedia, you express your own ideas pretty durn clearly. IMO it's a great read, and appears less muddled than some of the other (albeit wonderful) theories et al referencing Tesla and Electromagnetism. See one here.

Perhaps a listing of internal links you feel connect to other relevant threads on the matter would be a good addition to your front post?
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Old 03-25-06, 08:20 PM   #5
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Re: Tesla, Electromagnetism, and Swan Station v1.0

I knew we had a tesla thread !

thanks SOL..

do I merge or dont I merge ?
lets give it some time on its own...
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Old 03-25-06, 08:28 PM   #6
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Re: Tesla, Electromagnetism, and Swan Station v1.0

Quote:
Originally Posted by Son of Locke
Wow, Tage, nice newb post. He's 18 (or claims to be, folks). Even if you pasted a bunch of that from the wikipedia, you express your own ideas pretty durn clearly. IMO it's a great read, and appears less muddled than some of the other (albeit wonderful) theories et al referencing Tesla and Electromagnetism. See one here.

Perhaps a listing of internal links you feel connect to other relevant threads on the matter would be a good addition to your front post?
Thanks!
I definitely need to sort through the old threads and make sure I'm not simply rehashing a bunch of old ideas. I was thinking of adding pictures to help elaborate some of what I was writing, but I figured it was befuddled enough, what with the first half being a lot of biography that isn't really relevant in the grand scheme of things.

But thanks for the encouragement. I'll definitely be refining the above, condensing some parts and extrapolating on others.
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Old 03-25-06, 09:27 PM   #7
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Re: Tesla, Electromagnetism, and Swan Station v1.0

Quote:
Maybe you could shorten it and simpify it

Hey, he's a Telsa fan !!

They get excited...
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Old 03-25-06, 11:20 PM   #8
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Re: Tesla, Electromagnetism, and Swan Station v1.0

Nice start! Does anyone know if Tesla's obsession in later life with pigeons was discussed at any point? I came up emptyhanded on a search. He had a favorite white pigeon around the time of his death, and believed the pigeon was some sort of messenger, and was devastated when it died.

Maybe it wasn't a white dove in Charlie's havid, but Tesla's pigeon.
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Old 03-25-06, 11:33 PM   #9
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Re: Tesla, Electromagnetism, and Swan Station v1.0

Actually I found the wydencliff tower stuff facinating (there seems to be all sorts of things that I keep finding Tesla attempted or because he's done so much, forgot about and then rediscovered via anothers sojourn), the tower, the 'earth/air' quality, its 'sonic' resonance would be just the sort of thing I envision in terms of 'grand priori' and 'up/down' nature of losts narrative. In fact this is probably the influencing crank/genius science behind LOST - good old Tesla (him and Jung together should have gone bowling). Anyway Tage a long overblown post is always appreciated and there were some insights I enjoyed. Look forward to seeing more of this sort of enthusiasm.
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Old 03-25-06, 11:42 PM   #10
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Re: Tesla, Electromagnetism, and Swan Station v1.0

Tesla had an OCD complex with the number 3. How significant is the number 3 in Lost, if at all?
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